马来西亚中华大会堂总会（华总） The Federation of Chinese Associations Malaysia (Huazong)
Federation of Chinese Associations Malaysia (Huazong) was founded in late 1991 as a leading Chinese national organization
by the 13 state of Chinese Assembly Halls in Malaysia. Its establishment is a long-awaited result in realization of the
common aspiration of the Chinese community.
Currently there are over 10,000 registered Chinese associations in Malaysia. Most of them are dialect groups, surname groups, trade
associations, cultural and educational bodies. These associations are also the direct members of the respective Chinese Assembly
Halls in various states, and indirectly members of Huazong. In other words, Huazong becomes the leading Chinese organization
focusing on matters related to culture, education, economy and social status of the Chinese community.
The 13 members of Huazong are as follows:
Perlis Chinese Assembly Hall
Kedah Chinese Assembly Hall
Penang Chinese Town Hall
Perak Chinese Assembly Hall
The Kuala Lumpur And Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall
Negeri Sembilan Chinese Assembly Hall
Malacca Chinese Assembly Hall
The Federation of Chinese Associations Johore
The Federation of Chinese Associations of Kelantan
The Chinese Assembly Hall Terengganu
The Associated Chinese Association of Pahang
The Federation of Chinese Associations Sabah
The Federation of The Chinese Associations Sarawak
The objectives of Huazong are as follows:
1. To promote goodwill and unity among the various ethnics in the country.
2. To discuss and deal with matters of importance and interest to the members.
3. To offer views on government policies and implementations affecting its members.
4. To promote and participate in cultural, educational, social and economic work consistent with the Federal Constitution.
5. To liaise with other societies having similar objectives as those of the Association in furtherance of the above objectives.
The objectives of Huazong and the 13 Chinese Assembly Halls encompass all aspects of cultural, educational, social and
economic work while other Chinese associations are classified according to categories or objectives, namely dialect groups,
surname groups, social welfare, culture, religions, trade, sports, youth, education etc.
The following chart illustrates the linkages between Huazong, Chinese Assembly Halls at the state level and various types of
major Chinese associations in all the 13 states in Malaysia:
The General Meeting is the supreme authority of Huazong and each member association sends 10 delegates to attend the
The Central Committee of Huazong consists of not more than 60 members.
The President, the Deputy President and five Vice Presidents shall be elected from the Automatic Central Committee Members
by representatives of the Founder Members. Moreover, two of the Vice President posts shall be reserved for the Automatic
Central Committee Members from Sabah and Sarawak and 21 nationwide ordinary members elected in the AGM (Details
please refer to Huazong Constitution 7.1.4) In addition, the President may recommend not more than 12 members to the
Central Committee. The Chairpersons of the Youth Section and the Women Section shall automatically be members of the
For the past 32 years, we are proud of our achievements in various fields. With the support and cooperation offered by the
Chinese community, we have successfully conveyed the wishes of the Chinese community to the Government. We also voice
out the opinions and the stand of the Chinese community on politics, economics, culture, education, social and religion, so
that the problems faced by the Chinese community can be given timely concerns.
Huazong has frequently met with the Cabinet Ministers, Deputy Ministers and Director General of Government agencies to
discuss problems and issues faced by Chinese community.
Besides, Huazong has set up several cultural funds and education funds to sponsor various cultural projects, as well as to provide
study loans and scholarships to needy students.
The Malaysia Chinese Cultural Festival is the most successful event organized by Huazong and the 13 State Chinese Assembly
Halls. The Malaysia Chinese Cultural Festival was first held in Selangor in 1984, after that it has become a yearly event
organized by the 13 State Chinese Assembly Halls in rotation.
The activities and programs of The Malaysia Chinese Cultural Festival including lantern marching parades, cultural and
literature seminars and lectures, cultural performances like various cultural dancing and singing from all races, lion dance
or dragon dance, lantern making competitions, spring couplets and Chinese Calligraphy competitions, traditional Chinese
martial arts demonstration, fashion show of Chinese costumes, traditional handicrafts exhibitions, food carnivals and food fairs.
Recently we have made The Malaysia Chinese Cultural Festival to reflect the roots and cultures of the various ethnics. The Malay
and Indian cultural organizations have been invited to contribute to some of the programs like Indian cultural dance or traditional
Malay wedding reception and Dikir Barat performance. We also invited the states’ Tourism Board to participate in the festival.
We believe that these activities will help in generating a greater interest of the public in Chinese culture and also to promote a
better understanding among various ethnics in Malaysia.
马来西亚中华总商会（中总） The Associated Chinese Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia (ACCCIM)
Founded on 2nd July 1921, The Associated Chinese Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia (ACCCIM) has 17 Constituent
Members located separately in the 13 states and Federal Territories of Malaysia. Direct and indirect membership of all Constituent
Members are well over 110,000, representing Malaysian Chinese companies, individuals and trade associations in particular and the
Chinese business community in general. Membership of ACCCIM include Eminent Members, Associate Members, and more than
7,000 young entrepreneurs.
The collaboration network of ACCCIM is very wide. ACCCIM has signed numerous Memorandums of Understanding or Economic
Cooperation Agreements with overseas chambers of commerce and economic organisations. ACCCIM has enhanced relationship with
Chinese chambers of commerce all around the world after successfully organising the 7th World Chinese Entrepreneurs Convention
(7th WCEC) in 2003, currently is a member of World Chinese Entrepreneurs Convention (WCEC) Advisory Committee.
ACCCIM is a member of National Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia (NCCIM), an apex organisation comprising
five principal private sector bodies namely ACCCIM, Malay Chamber of Commerce Malaysia (DPMM), Malaysian Associated
Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (MAICCI), Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MICCI)
and Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers (FMM).
ACCCIM maintains close rapport with Government Ministries and Agencies as a channel for consultation over a wide range of issues,
and participate in many consultative panels, dialogues, seminars etc. with the Government. ACCCIM regularly interact with chambers
of commerce, trade organisations and major Chinese associations in Malaysia to discuss and exchange ideas on economic and trade
issues, and issues affecting the Chinese community.
The ACCCIM has established a Socio-Economic Research Centre (SERC Sdn. Bhd.) in 2010 as a think-tank to carry out research on
economic issues in order for ACCCIM to make concrete and strategic suggestions to the Government and effectively contribute to the
development of the national economy of Malaysia.
The representative, consultative and service functions of the ACCCIM have been widely acknowledged. As the ACCCIM is an
organisation that brings together diversified interests of the business community (including wholesale and retail, trade, industries
and manufacturing, construction and property, services as well as agriculture and primary industries’ sectors of the economy), it
endeavours to reconcile divergent view-points and economic interests to the advantage of all.
马来西亚连锁协会 Malaysia Retail Chain Association (MRCA)
The Malaysia Retail Chain Association (MRCA) was established in the year 1992, with a vision of uniting all Malaysian Retailers as a single community in addressing concerns as a resounding voice, and to use this platform to engage with various organizations such as the Government agencies, societies of interest to form collaborations which benefits our Members in all fronts.
Today, the Association and its Members have journeyed long and far in establishing themselves in the international retail fraternity, with more than 500 Members representing over 30,000 outlets, providing more than 300,000 job opportunities in Malaysia and abroad.
MRCA provides an excellent avenue for our Members to come together and network, exchange and synergize ideas and technical know-how and explore opportunities to perhaps collaborate and use each other’s strengths and facilities to expand their businesses jointly within Malaysia and in the region.
Against this background, the MRCA’s mission and vision is to align its objectives and be recognized as one of the most influential retail bodies and voice in Malaysia for creating opportunities in supporting the development and globalization of the retail industry for now and the new frontier. Notwithstanding that, it also remains part of the MRCA’s effort to align with the national agenda and stir a strong GDP coming from the Retail sector, with digitalization as the main driver.
The MRCA is proud of the milestones and accolades awarded to many of our Members over the years. This, in itself, is a testament of their commitment and involvement in their businesses to be relevant and progressive in shaping the future of the retail industry in Malaysia. The MRCA would certainly applaud their contributions to the industry. Many of our Members have successfully expanded their presence overseas in countries such as the USA, Australia, China, Africa and those in the Middle East and the ASEAN region, just to name a few.
马来西亚零售商协会 Malaysia Retailers Association (MRA)
The Malaysia Retailers Association (MRA) was founded in 1982 and is the leading retail association representing some of the largest retail companies in Malaysia. MRA is the only representation from Malaysia and is one of the founding members of the Federation of Asia-Pacific Retailers Association (FAPRA), the umbrella organisation of 20 retail associations in the Asia-Pacific region. Member countries/regions of FAPRA include Australia, China, Chinese Taipei, Fiji, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey and Vietnam.
Over the years, the Association has played a vital role with a long-term mission to promote the retail industry. Today, our membership represents over 150 major retail & related companies, covering more than 10,000 retail outlets which account for 20% of the total retail market size.
Unique as compared to most countries’ retail associations, our member organisations include various sectors in retail business ranging from department stores to supermarkets and hypermarkets, convenience stores, food & beverages, fashion, accessories and specialty stores; as well as suppliers, wholesalers and industry-related service organisations.
1. To present a unified voice - to protect, promote and lobby on issues that affect all retailers.
2. To exchange and share information on common issues.
3. To raise the status and professionalism of retailing through education, training and info-sharing.
4. To assist members in fostering closer ties, promote interaction and collaborations with their counterparts within Malaysia, as well as in the region.
5. To assist members to improve their strategies and revolutionise their business models to face the challenges in the marketplace and in keeping their companies competitive
马来西亚创业促进会 Malaysia Entrepreneurs’ Development Association
Malaysia Entrepreneurs’ Development Association or widely known as Persatuan Usahawan Maju Malaysia (PUMM) is a multi-racial non-profit organization founded and registered on 10th July 1993, under the Registered Act 1966 by Tan Sri’ Lee Kim Yew, patron by Malaysia’s 4th Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad.
29 years of establishment today, PUMM has grown by leaps and bounds with a robust membership profile of more than 3,000 outstanding entrepreneurs, with State Liaisons in ten (10) different states, namely, Perak, Penang, Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor, Sabah, Melaka and Sarawak.
Fulfilling visions and missions over the years, PUMM has successfully groomed many aspiring entrepreneurs to realize their visions and played an important role in contributing towards the economic development of the nation. Its endeavors were well recognized in 1999, when the Prime Minister Dato’ Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (as he then was), invited PUMM to assists in country’s entrepreneur development at the “Majlis Perundingan Ekonomi Negara Kedua (MAPEN 2)”. With the continuous support from the public and the media, PUMM continued to contribute towards the realization of Vision 2020.
Under the leadership of the elected National President Mr. Tan Lay Seong, and the Central Committee, which comprises of young, dynamic, and passionate individuals, PUMM have developed an ecosystem that inspires and grow Malaysian aspiring entrepreneurs and the community to realize their dreams in a global competitive environment, with the intention that the primary objective will contribute to the wealth and prosperity of the country.
To be the leading development platform for entrepreneurs Malaysia, and globally.
To develop an ecosystem that inspires and grow Malaysian entrepreneurs and the community: to bridge, guide and share best business practices with aspiring entrepreneurs.
马来西亚品牌协会 Branding Association of Malaysia
About Branding Association of Malaysia
The Branding Association of Malaysia was founded in 2000 with the noble goal of developing the potential of Malaysian brands
in order to allow them to be successful in the modern global market. Our vision - then and now - is to achieve 100 internationally
acclaimed brands as members by the year 2020.
Branding Association works steadily towards this vision in many ways, including - but not limited to - providing learning and
education platforms, organising business networking programmes, offering members branding opportunities through media tie-ups
and working closely with government agencies.
We set the runway for Malaysian brands to rise above in achieving their presence and connectivity across all continents of the world.
Branding Association of Malaysia reaches out to local SME companies to aid in bringing out their potential as valuable brands.
Our objectives, therefore, are as follows:
• To spearhead a branding movement, especially amongst the SME communities
• To establish a conducive business networking environment for members
• To organise learning platforms such as forums, workshops and conferences
• To serve as a communication bridge between business communities and government agencies
Since our inception, we have been advocating unity among our members in order to allow us to better position ourselves on issues and
policies that may hinder Malaysian SME’s as a whole. Apart from achieving branding goals, our members will enjoy the benefits of
being part of a unified voice that encourages effectiveness and change.
The Branding Association is also an effective vehicle for promoting trust and cooperation among small and medium brands. This
enables them to share branding strategies and gather more input towards building themselves into successful brands – as individuals
and as a whole.
The Branding Association was realised with the primary purpose of acting as a unified community, comprised of proud Malaysian
SMEs, equipped with strong branding expertise and working together to open the gateway to the modern business world for all
马来西亚中小企业公会 SME ASSOCIATION OF MALAYSIA
SME Association of Malaysia (formerly SMI Association of Malaysia) was established on 13th July 1995 with the key objectives of
fostering the establishment and development of SMEs as one of the key engines of economic growth of the country. Since its inception,
the Association has organized numerous conferences, seminars, training and exhibitions to educate and elevate its members as well as
the SMEs community in Malaysia.
The Association actively engages in dialogues with the government to provide inputs on policies, and collaborates with the ministries
and agencies for the development of strong, vibrant, competitive, and resilient SMEs.
To transform SMEs into the economic powerhouse of the country.
To instill and eventually ingrain deeply, the concept of learning organization in SMEs, and encourage them to be export-oriented.
• To foster the development of SMEs through learning and development.
• Act as the industry-driven NGO to facilitate business opportunities for SMEs with the collaboration of various ministries,
• Act as a medium to facilitate interaction between SMEs and the Government, through disseminating information and
providing inputs for policy making.
马来西亚电脑及多媒体工业协会 The National Tech Association of Malaysia PIKOM)
PIKOM, THE NATIONAL TECH ASSOCIATION OF MALAYSIA, is the association representing the technology industry in Malaysia. Its membership currently stands at more than 1,000 active companies involved in a whole spectrum of tech products and services, and which command 80% of the total TECH business in Malaysia.
There are 7 Chapters under PIKOM: GBS Malaysia; CIO; Cybersecurity; E-Commerce: Venture Investment, SpaceTech and Women in Tech. These chapters help improve and drive the business climate for all member companies, together with promoting industry growth in line with national aspirations.
As the Voice of the Tech Industry, PIKOM embraces the task of growing the size and capabilities of the tech industry in Malaysia by creating opportunities for its members as well as all Malaysians to capture the benefits offered by advances in technology.
For more information, visit www.pikom.org.my
东盟连锁加盟企业协会 ASEAN Retail – Chains & Franchise Federation (ARFF)
ARFF’s 11th Annual General Meeting was held on 16th March, 2020 just a day after the Government announced the implementation
of the Movement Control Order (MCO) on 18th March, 2020 in the light of the Covid-19 pandemic. In view of such short notice,
there was not enough time to cancel or postpone the AGM. Having a quorum, the 11th Annual General Meeting convened and a new
Committee was elected under the leadership of President Dato’ Mike Loh, making him the 1st President to be elected just before ROS
announced the postponement of all AGMs to be conducted in Malaysia to after June.
The MCO did not deter President Dato’ Mike in carrying out his duty and the 1st Committee Meeting was conducted via ZOOM on
8th April, 2020. In his opening address, President Dato’ Mike expressed his aspiration to make ARFF one of the top 10 Associations
in the country within 2 years, being effective and well connected. In order to achieve this, new bureaus were set up and he asked all
Committee and Bureau Heads to spare some time into the activities of the Association. He also emphasized the need to help retailers
and to propose to the Government on what to do after Covid-19.
In addition to focusing on the 2 segments which ARFF is categorized under, namely tourism and retail, Dato’ Mike said ARFF has also
included the segment on education. He added that another segment will be on e-Commerce platform as he is of the opinion that the
business landscape after Covid-19 will be different. With the rapid evolving of e-commerce, retailers can now expand their business
via the internet instead of setting up outlets and chain-stores.
Throughout the year the Committee have had 5 meetings, on ZOOM and also face to face during the Recovery Movement Control
Order (RMCO). 2 Members’ Networking sessions were also held as follows:
• 29 July – venue sponsored by Safa Global Holdings, a recon luxury car showroom, and attended by some 80 members and guests
• 23 September – venue sponsored by Bunglow 37, a restored post-war bungalow set in colonial environment, with private
and function room that can cater for more than 100 pax.
In addition to holding the two Members’ Networking sessions, President Dato’ Mike also succeeded in calling for a ZOOM gathering
of ASEAN RFF members on 21 May, which was attended by some 80 representatives from country members – Singapore, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia.
A Memorandum of Understanding was signed with Malaysia Tourism Council (MTC) on 19 November, inviting MTC as a
Collaboration Partner of the ASEAN Business Federation (ABF). As members of the ABF, both parties shall develop an eco-system to
promote economic, social and retail development among its members
Under the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programme, President Dato’ Mike initiated a fund collection campaign to provide
100 lunch boxes to feed the homeless and needy daily for 3 months (Dec. 2020, Jan. and Feb. 2021). A total of RM34,500 was collected
for this and the caterer appointed is Kapital Kafe.
The ASEAN Business Forum was successfully held via ZOOM on 15 December, 2020 and attended by some 50 people. President Dato’
Mike presided as Moderator and the speakers included the following:
• Mr Albert Kong, CEO of Asiawide Franchise Consultants, Singapore
• Ms Nguyen Phi Van, Chairwoman of Retail & Franchise Association, Vietnam
• Mr Raymond Woo, Head of Merchants Aladdin Group, Halal Products Go Online, Malaysia
• Ibu Lavita Supit, Chairlady of Indonesia Franchise Licensing Association, Indonesia
• En Uzaidi Udanis, President of Tourism Council, Malaysia
Topics for the Forum included:
1. Exchange of views on the current Covid-19 pandemic situation;
2. Sharing best practices and moving forward strategies for business recovery plan for retail and tourism industries in ASEAN;
3. Sharing strategies and initiatives to promote open border Tourism in respective country
馬來西亞-中國總商會 Malaysia-China Chamber of Commerce (MCCC)
Founded in 1990, Malaysia-China Chamber of Commerce (MCCC) is a non-governmental, non-profit, multi-ethnic and independent
MCCC aims at promoting interaction, cooperation and development in trade, investment and other industrial and commercial fields
between Malaysia and China as well as protecting the interests of our members.
MCCC has 10 branches in different states: Malacca, Perak, Johor, Penang, Terengganu, Sabah, Sarawak, Kelantan, Pahang and Kedah-
Perlis. Currently, MCCC has over 1,800 corporate members, covering trade, manufacturing, finance, agriculture, real estate, tourism,
education, consultation, services and other industries.
Meanwhile, MCCC also established the Young Entrepreneurs Committee and Women Entrepreneurs Committee to unify youth and
women entrepreneurs, fostering new leadership and assisting MCCC to promote the affairs of the Chamber.
Following the rise of China, MCCC has become increasingly important as a platform to promote Sino-Malaysian economic and trade
development. On top of forming tight cooperation with government agencies such as the Ministry of International Trade And Industry
Malaysia, Ministry of Finance Malaysia, Ministry of Tourism Malaysia, Ministry of Primary Industries Malaysia, business associations
and China Enterprises Association in Malaysia, we also maintain close relationship with relevant Chinese government agencies such
as the Economic & Commercial Counsellor’s Office of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Malaysia, Overseas Chinese
Affairs Office of the State Council (OCAOSC), All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese, China Council for the Promotion of
International Trade(CCPIT), China Overseas Exchange Association (COEA), China-ASEAN Expo Secretariat, China-ASEAN Business
and Investment Summit Secretariat, China Chamber of International Commerce (CCOIC), All-China Federation of Industry and
Commerce, China International Cooperation Association of SMES (Cicasme), China Association of Enterprises with Foreign Investment
(CAEFI) and so forth.
With the support of Guangdong Tourism Bureau, MCCC has been appointed as the Guangdong Tourism Cooperation and Promotion
Center Malaysia since 2014. In addition, from the beginning of 2015, MCCC was commissioned by the Chengdu Overseas Exchange
Association (CDOEA) to become its Overseas Liaison Office.
In addition to frequent reception of delegations from various provinces and cities in China, MCCC also organizes, coorganizes or
participates in exhibitions, trade and investment fairs, such as Canton Fair, China-ASEAN Expo, Expo Central China, Western China
International Fair, China-Northeast Asia Expo, China International Fair for Investment & Trade (CIFIT), China Harbin International
Economic and Trade Fair, China (Ningxia) International Halal Food/Muslim Commodities Festival and the Investment & Trade Fair,
China (Qinghai) International Halal Food and Products Fair, East China Fair, Kunming Fair, Yiwu Imported Commodities Fair, China
International Small and Medium Enterprises Fair, Guangdong 21st Century Maritime Silk Road International Expo and so forth.
In 2002, MCCC organized the first " China - ASEAN Cooperation Forum". This forum was held to discuss the construction of a free
trade zone for China-ASEAN 1.9 billion population.
Hereafter, MCCC has seized the opportunity to organize the "Malaysia-China Entrepreneurs Conference" (MCEC) yearly since 2011. In
2014, 2016 and 2018, the MCEC has even been held beyond border in Xiamen, Chengdu and Nanjing, China respectively. The MCEC
is highly recognized by all circles as it plays an important role in promoting the economic and trade cooperation between Malaysia and
Although the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak in 2020 has restricted cross-border movement and impacted the global economy,
however the advanced technology has allowed MCCC to overcome the geographical boundaries and challenges.
The MCEC 2020 Cloud Conference has made history due to significant online numbers of attendees of 165,000 worldwide and
the MCEC 2021 & MCYEC 2021 at Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre was set a new attendance record, 230,000 attendees joined the hybrid event,
proving once again that Malaysia and China have good relationship and are working hard to overcome the difficult times.
马来西亚华裔女企业家总会 Malaysia Chinese Women Entrepreneurs Association (MCWEA)
About Malaysian Chinese Women’s Entrepreneur Associaton (MCWEA)
To be one of the leading Women Entrepreneur Associations in Malaysia and beyond
To organise and to participate entrepreneurship activities for business community building and unity.
To provide a platform to enable personal and business growth of Chinese women through positive work that will create a long lasting impactful contribution to individual and business developement as well to nation building by :
*encouraging self development, leadership and mentorship skills through participation in seminars, lectures, developmental and motivational programs.
*establishing and fostering reltionships with other relevant societies, non-governmental organisations, government ministries and the private sector for the benefit of the members.
Core Values :
大马企业监管机构 Malaysian Institute of Corporate Governance (MICG)
Malaysian Institute of Corporate Governance’s mission is to be the leading advocate of Corporate Governance in Malaysia.
MICG’s principal activities are to promote and encourage corporate governance development, provide education and training for the
benefit of its members and other interested institutions or bodies in Malaysia.
The Malaysian Institute of Corporate Governance (MICG) was established in March 1998 following a recommendation by the
High Level Finance Committee on Corporate Governance. The Institute was incorporated as a company limited by guarantee, with
founding members consisting of the Federation of Public Listed Companies (FPLC), the Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA),
the Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA), the Malaysian Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators
(MAICSA), and the Malaysian Institute of Directors (MID).
MICG’s principal activities are to promote and encourage corporate governance development, provide education and training for the
benefit of its members and other interested institutions or bodies in Malaysia. The Institute is also provides a conducive environment
for the Institute members to gather and exchange opinions, knowledge and information on corporate governance issues, with a view
to strengthening compliance and conformance by corporations with relevant laws and regulations and enhancing self-regulating
practices, and to receive fees and subscriptions from Institute members, partners and others. MICG also promotes academic study
and research in and awareness of corporate governance, collect and circulate corporate information and data pertaining to corporate
governance. MICG helps establish linkages and networking with other corporate governance organisations and subject experts both
within and outside Malaysia, and to collaborate with relevant authorities and regulatory agencies and to be independent and impartial
in providing input or information to relevant corporate stakeholders to enhance the governance of corporate entities.
Please visit www.micg.org.my
or follow us on LinkedIn at https://www.linkedin.com/organization-guest/company/malaysianinstitute-